As real estate is most likely as volatile as the stock exchange, this volatility could determine important diferences of performances in the sector. This paper examines the evolution of the real estate sector between 1990-2014 in Romania and the performances associated with different stages of economic development. Moreover, we analyzed different key performance indicators in Romanian real estate market versus performances of the main companies in this sector, and the dominant need of transparency in the market for the proper information of the players in the market on the actual transaction prices. For the later, the study of real estate indexes from the methodological point of view and a comparrison with similar indexes in the region is essential.