This article presents the problem of restitution in Poland in the political, social and economic context. The author analyses public obligations resulted from breaking property rights during socialist past and attempts of restitution in Poland, indicating the most important flashpoints. The author examines the current negative attitude toward restitution presented by the government and society. A hypothesis constructed by the author focuses on the negative, but not noticed by the society, effects of a lack of the general restitution. Having an outline of the problem the author wants to concentrate on real example of a city Lodz. Local governments have been coping with many different restitution claims for last 25 years. The collected data indicate hidden costs influencing the local economy. The study is based on the legal documents and the results of public opinion polls.