The study provides insight into the pricing of publicly traded European real estate equities. The Fama-French three-factor model, as well as unconditional and conditional Fama-MacBeth regressions are applied to a sample of 275 real estate equities from 16 European countries over the period 1988 to 2009. The results show that within the real estate equity market, a significant value effect exists, while no small-size effect is present. Real estate equity returns vary significantly with the excess market return and a pan-European value factor. Moreover, returns are driven by a systematic size factor, although this effect is not as pronounced. The findings further indicate a better integration of the European real estate equity market with the general equity market from 1999 onwards. Consistent with other asset pricing studies, no factor risk loading proves to be consistently priced in unconditional asset pricing tests. However, the study reveals the explanatory power of systematic risk factors, especially beta, when conditioned on both general and real estate market states. The results moreover indicate differences in the pricing of real estate equities between Europe and the US.