A quantitative research was undertaken to calculate the energy use in mobility in two residential neighbourhoods having distinct urban form characteristics in a middle tier city in India. The research considered four key attributes of mobility: mode of travel, trip distances, trip frequency and socio-economic characteristics of households. The paper presents the methodological approach adopted in the research and discusses the results for energy use patterns for key activity nodes in planned (i.e. structured) and unplanned (i.e. organic or unstructured) neighbourhoods. Research outcome suggest that unplanned neighbourhood has lower energy use and shows greater potential to be more sustainable compared to planned neighbourhoods.