Land conversion and the Geography of Non-residential Real Estate Development in the Netherlands It is the aim of this paper to analyse the geography of non-residential real estate development over time and consider the interplay between development and local conditions. The primary question is: do local conditions let non-residential real estate development rates to vary? We address this issue by analysing building permits issued by Dutch municipalities between 1986-2006. In the empirical analysis we first analyse if and when by how much, non-residential development rates differ across space and over time. Secondly we consider what local conditions determines the development rates to vary. Finally we address the implications of non-residential development for land conversion and land use.