Dutch housing associations are private organisations with a public responsibility which are managed effectively to fulfil the social objectives of providing affordable rental housing (Ouwehand and van Daalen, 2002). In the Australian system, community housing organisations are categorised as not-for-profit organisation and are mostly characterised by small organisations with very limited resources. This study aims to identify the strengths and weaknesses of the Australian and the Dutch housing association models. A series of interviews with representatives of community housing organisations in Brisbane, Australia, will be compared with the results of similar interviews with representatives of social housing associations in the Netherlands. In addition to differences in management structure, the second principal variation is that of government financial involvement; in the Dutch system, a social housing guarantee is provided by the state government, which reduces the risk of borrowing and, hence, the interest rate accordingly. Furthermore, the encouragement of mixed-housing types in the Netherlands avoids an undesirable concentration of low cost housing in one locality as well as allowing residents to have more housing options and continue to live in the same neighbourhood throughout their life. Adapting the highly subsidised Dutch housing model to fit the Australian context is an opportunity considered in this paper.